ADHD medication What medicines are available to treat ADHD? There are three types of medicine licensed to treat ADHD in the UK.
Those that contain the active ingredient methylphenidate Concerta XL, Equasym XL, Medikinet, Medikinet XL and Ritalin. This is available as generic dexamfetamine, or as the newly launched Elvanse, which contains lisdexamfetamine. Stimulant medicines have been used to treat children with ADHD for over 30 years. Atomoxetine is a non stimulant medication that treats ADHD in children 6 years of age and older and adolescents. In some cases adolescents may continue treatment into adulthood. Atomoxetine has been licensed since May 2004. ADVERTISEMENT CONTINUE READING BELOW When are they used?Medicines will only be used coach sale items once a diagnosis of ADHD has been made, usually by a psychiatrist or a paediatrician specialising in ADHD. The decision to use any medicine should involve doctor, parents and child. Child psychiatrists and specialists start the initial prescribing, but your GP may sometimes be able to continue with further prescribing and monitoring of the treatment. Your child age will be a factor in deciding when medicines are used. How do they help?Medicines help by controlling the symptoms of ADHD. They can improve attention span and lead to calmer and less hyperactive, impulsive or aggressive behaviour. In practical terms this might mean your child can: listen to others betterconcentrate and focus betterthink more clearlythink before actingstay interested in a subjectsit still without fidgeting. Medicines don't cure ADHD. Children with ADHD still need support and encouragement to get the maximum benefit out of their medicine. How long will medicine need to be taken?There's no hard and fast rule for this and it will vary, depending on the individual. Some children don show any improvement after starting a medicine, even after their doctor has increased the dose to the optimum level. If this is the case, this will need to be discussed further with your child doctor. If your child does improve with a medicine, he should probably continue treatment for at least a year. Once your child has been stabilised on treatment for a period of time (eg a year), it is usual for your doctor to suggest he takes a break from the medicine. This is to see how your child behaves without it, because medicines are used to help control, not cure, ADHD. ADVERTISEMENT CONTINUE READING BELOW It may be a good idea to try stopping the medicine in this way every year, to establish if treatment needs to be continued, but this must be done under the coach outlet stores handbags supervision of your child doctor. If there is no difference between taking and not taking the medicine, it should be stopped. Some children may need to keep taking medicine for many years. Some find they can stop taking it once they reach puberty, while others need to continue taking it through adolescence and into adulthood. What about side effects? All medicines have side effects, but it doesn't mean everyone will experience them people respond to medicines in different ways. If side effects are a coach handbags purses problem, they may improve by reducing the dose. coach outlet purses by michael Side effects sometimes improve after several weeks of ongoing treatment. The most common side effects associated with the stimulant medicines are a reduced appetite and difficulty getting to sleep. The most common side effects with atomoxetine are a reduced appetite and stomach ache. Your doctor will measure your child weight and height regularly to make sure growth is not affected by the medicine's effect on appetite. Your doctor will also monitor your child heart rate and blood pressure regularly to make sure the medication doesn't increase them to unacceptable levels. MethylphenidateThere are five brands of methylphenidate available in the UK. There is also an unbranded form simply called methylphenidate.
Medikinet, Ritalin and generic methylphenidateMedikinet, Ritalin and unbranded (generic) methylphenidate are all immediate release forms of methylphenidate tablet. They start working within about 30 to 60 minutes of taking a dose, and the effects wear off about three to four hours later. This means they usually need to be taken two to three times a day, ie a dose at breakfast and at lunchtime, with some children also needing a dose in the early evening as well.
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